Surface Hematomas and Ecchymosis

Both surface hematomas and ecchymosis are signs of bleeding on and underneath the skin.

An ecchymosis is a purple or red discoloration of the skin due to leakage of red blood cells from small ruptured vessels (smaller versions are called petechia – 1-2 mm; purpura – 3 to 10 mm; and ecchymosis – more than 10 mm).  It is flat.  It is commonly referred to as a bruise.

A  hematoma is a collection of blood clots in the tissue.   It has substance in that it can be felt like a mass.

Note: hemorrhage is  active bleeding whereas hematomas and ecchymoses are blood that have clotted or not actively bleeding.

3eb334b87286b0dac0d6358bdeb03d36e3f821c5859ab6803a525081eb70da37

Hematoma on the foot. Notice the swelling or bulge with bluish discoloration.

DSC08771

Hematoma after an operation showing the blood being aspirated.

IMG_4691

Ecchymosis after a needle aspiration biopsy.

ecchymosis_breast

Ecchymosis or bruise after a breast trauma.

unilateral-periorbital-ecchymosis

Periorbital ecchymosis.

images

Petechiae and purpura (differ in size)
ROJ@17apr25

Advertisements
This entry was posted in Hematomas. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s