Surgical Oncology as a Subspecialty

Surgical oncology as a subspecialty in surgery has developed because of the need for surgeons to understand the fundamental principles of cancer growth and spread as well as the chemotherapeutic and radiotherapeutic interactions with surgery in order to provide the cancer patient with a comprehensive treatment plan that will yield the greater chance of cure.

Surgical oncology as a subspecialty in oncology has developed because a great majority of human cancers present with a tumorous growth which almost always requires some forms of surgical intervention from diagnosis to treatment.  Besides, in the treatment of solid cancers, surgery has been in the frontline, not only in terms of history, it being the first cancer treatment used, but also in terms of relative amount of patients cured.

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